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Glossary of Terms used in Hazardous Materials Transport

ADR/RID

European Road/Rail Conventions (govern transport of dangerous goods throughout Europe)

CARGO AGENTS

IATA Cargo Agents are licensed “agents” for IATA airlines, selling and providing service on behalf of the IATA carriers—Many forwarders are IATA agents—Nearly all IATA agents are also forwarders—IATA Agents can sign and issue airline airway bills on behalf of the airlines, forwarders cannot.

CEN

Committee on European Normalization

CERTIFICATION

Hazmat Certification, DG Certification, DG Certified, Hazmat Certified etc. all refer to the concept that someone, some entity is conferring approval on an individual or company that they are authorized to ship hazmat in commerce.—Unfortunately, there's a lot of confusion and misinformation in this area.—In the US, only the employer can certify employees. The DOT does not certify anyone; never has.

COHMED

Cooperative Hazardous Materials Enforcement Development

CONSIGNEE

The person or organization to whom the consignment is to be delivered.

DANGEROUS GOODS

Articles or substances which are capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or property when transported by air and which are classified according to the U.S. DOT and IATA/ICAO List of Dangerous Goods.

DANGEROUS GOODS ACCIDENT

An occurrence associated with and related to the transport of dangerous goods which results in fatal or serious injury to a person or major property damage.

DANGEROUS GOODS INCIDENT

An occurrence other than a dangerous goods accident associated with and related to the transport of dangerous goods which results in injury to a person, property damage, fire, breakage, spillage, leakage of fluid or radiation or other evidence that the integrity of the packaging has not been maintained.

DG V

Public Health & Safety At Work Directorate

DG VII

Transport Directorate

DG XI

Environment, Nuclear Safety & Civil Protection Directorate

DGP

Dangerous Goods Panel

E&T Group

Editorial & Technical Group

EC

European Commission

EXCEPTION

A provision in these regulations which excludes a specific item of dangerous goods from the requirements normally applicable to that item.

EXEMPTION

Authorization issued by appropriate national authorities of all States concerned providing relief from the provisions of these Regulations.

FAA

Federal Aviation Administration – an Administration within the US Dept of Transportation that has oversight over air transportation activities in the United States.—The FAA enforces the Dept of Transportation Hazmat (Dangerous Goods) Transportation Regulations.

FAA SPECIAL AGENT

Employees of the FAA Office of Security and Hazardous Materials who enforce the hazmat/DG regulations and conduct investigations of shippers, carriers forwarders and other offerors of hazmat by air.

FLASH POINT

Is defined as the lowest temperature at which flammable vapor is given off a liquid in a test vessel in sufficient concentration to be ignited in air when exposed momentarily to a source of ignition. This does not mean the temperature at which a liquid ignites spontaneously.

HM-126F

A somewhat outdated term referring to the original hazmat training rule that took effect in the early 1990's requiring hazmat training for all employees of a hazmat employer.

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IATA

International Air Transport Association

IATA Certification

A worldwide industry (not government) standard for dangerous goods training. IATA certification is only offered by IATA Endorsed Training Schools. Transportation Development Group is an IATA Endorsed School.

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

IMDG Code

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

IMO

International Maritime Organization

INCOMPATIBLE

Describing dangerous goods which, if mixed, would be liable to cause a dangerous evolution of heat or gas or produce a corrosive substance. Substances that must not be loaded or packed in a position where they could come into contact with one another.

IOMC

InterOrganization Program for Sound Management of Chemicals

MSC

Marine Safety Committee

NAFTA LTSS

NAFTA Land Transportation Standards Subcommittee

NET QUANTITY

The mass or volume of the dangerous goods contained in a package excluding the mass or volume of any packaging material (except in the case of explosive articles and matches where the net mass is the mass of the finished article excluding packagings).

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development

OPERATOR

A person, organization or enterprise engaged in or offering to engage in an aircraft operation. (i.e. an airline)

OVERPACK

An enclosure used by a single shipper to contain one or more packages and to form one handling unit for convenience of handling and stowage. (i.e. a warehouse pallet or an "E" container)

PACKAGE

Complete product of the packaging operation consisting of the packaging and contents prepared for transportation.

PACKAGING

Receptacles and other components necessary for the receptacle to perform it's containment function.

PACKING

The art or operation by which articles or substances are enveloped in wrappings and or enclosed in packagings or otherwise secured.

PACKING GROUP

An indication of the relative degree of danger presented by various articles and substances within a class or division.

PROPER SHIPPING NAME

The name to be used to describe a particular article or substance in all shipping documents and notification and, where appropriate, on packagings.

TI

Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air

TRANSPORT INDEX

(Radioactive Material Only). A single number assigned to a package, overpack or freight container to provide control over both nuclear criticality safety and radiation exposure

UN

United Nations

UN ECOSOC

UN Economic and Social Council

UNCED

UN Conference on Environment & Development

UNCETDG&GHS

United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals

UNEP

UN Environmental Programme

VALUJET DISASTER

In May of 1996, 110 passengers and crew died on ValuJet flight 592 after a hazmat shipper failed to declare a shipment of chemical oxygen generators to the airline. The shipment was improperly prepared and the shippers were not trained and certified to ship hazmat, nor was ValuJet certified to carry hazmat.

WHO

World Health Organization

WSO

World Safety Organization

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